One of the most widely used tools for self-awareness, the MBTI is based on psychologist Carl Jung’s theory of personality types published in 1923. He noted that human behaviour is rather orderly and consistent over time and that we seem to be born with preferences for:

  • The world we prefer (inner or outer)
  • How we take in information
  • How we make decisions
  • How we live our lives

What it does
The MBTI describes an individual’s preferences on four dimensions. The person has a varying degree of preference for:

The various combinations of these preferences result in 16 personality “types”, each associated with a unique set of behavioural characteristics and values, which provide a useful starting point for individual feedback, self-exploration or group discussion.

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